Birth Control Options

Birth control helps women prevent pregnancy. There are many birth control methods. It's important to choose one you like.

When you choose a method, think about:

  • how well it works
  • if this method is easy for you to get and use
  • if this method protects you from HIV and other STIs
  • if you can remember to take a pill at the same time every day
  • if you can remember to use it every time you have sex
  • if you will feel embarrassed about using this method
Method What is it? How does it work? Chances of Getting Pregnant

Abstinence*

Not having sexual intercourse.

0%

Condoms*

Fits over erect penis and catches sperm when the man “comes”. Helps protect you from STIs and HIV.

2% - 15%

Pill, Patch & Vaginal Ring

Releases artificial hormones. Must be prescribed by a doctor or nurse practitioner.

1% - 8%

Depo-Provera (Depo)

A shot of artificial hormones. Lasts for 3 months.  Must be given by a doctor or nurse.

1%

IUD

Small device put inside uterus by a doctor or nurse. Lasts 5-10 years.

1%

Implanon

Tiny rod put under the skin of arm by health care provider. Rod slowly releases artificial hormones. Can stay in for 3 years.

1%

Diaphragm Small rubber cup fits inside vagina, over cervix. Must be fitted by a doctor or nurse. 6% - 16%
Spermicide (foam, film, suppositories) Made of chemicals that kill sperm. Must be put into vagina before sex. 18% - 29%
Natural family planning Charting your fertility to help prevent pregnancy. 49%
Withdrawal Pulling the penis out of the vagina before ejaculation (when semen spurts out of the penis). 57%
*Abstinence and condoms are the only birth control methods that can help protect you from STIs and HIV.
 
Worried you made a mistake when using your current form of birth control? Click here for advice on what to do!

 


Phone: 734.484.3600 | Fax: 734.484.3100
Alternative and MIHP Fax: 734.829.0137

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