Birth Control Options

Birth control helps women prevent pregnancy. There are many birth control methods. It's important to choose one you like.

When you choose a method, think about:

  • how well it works
  • if this method is easy for you to get and use
  • if this method protects you from HIV and other STIs
  • if you can remember to take a pill at the same time every day
  • if you can remember to use it every time you have sex
  • if you will feel embarrassed about using this method
Method What is it? How does it work? Chances of Getting Pregnant


Not having sexual intercourse.



Fits over erect penis and catches sperm when the man “comes”. Helps protect you from STIs and HIV.

2% - 15%

Pill, Patch & Vaginal Ring

Releases artificial hormones. Must be prescribed by a doctor or nurse practitioner.

1% - 8%

Depo-Provera (Depo)

A shot of artificial hormones. Lasts for 3 months.  Must be given by a doctor or nurse.



Small device put inside uterus by a doctor or nurse. Lasts 5-10 years.



Tiny rod put under the skin of arm by health care provider. Rod slowly releases artificial hormones. Can stay in for 3 years.


Diaphragm Small rubber cup fits inside vagina, over cervix. Must be fitted by a doctor or nurse. 6% - 16%
Spermicide (foam, film, suppositories) Made of chemicals that kill sperm. Must be put into vagina before sex. 18% - 29%
Natural family planning Charting your fertility to help prevent pregnancy. 49%
Withdrawal Pulling the penis out of the vagina before ejaculation (when semen spurts out of the penis). 57%
*Abstinence and condoms are the only birth control methods that can help protect you from STIs and HIV.
Worried you made a mistake when using your current form of birth control? Click here for advice on what to do!


Phone: 734.484.3600 | Fax: 734.484.3100
Alternative and MIHP Fax: 734.829.0137

47 N. Huron Street, Ypsilanti, Michigan 48197 | Map »